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Covid Vaccine Luxembourg company partners with India to produce portable COVID vaccine refrigeration equipment The company, B systems is ordering machines for India operations, and production is expected by end-March in India.  As a direct outcome of the India-Luxembourg virtual summit, a company from the European country is partnering with the government of the western state of Gujarat to produce portable Vaccine refrigeration equipment. Luxembourg's Prime MinisterXavier Bettel had made the suggestion to Indian PM Modi during the virtual meet on 19th November. PM Modi had "enthusiastically" taken the offer and asked officials to move quickly. A government source said, "We have made it happen. The distinguishing factor is quick response. We have pushed and got it moving within a week after the summit" The company, B systems is ordering machines for India operations, and production is expected by end-March in India. Its team will travel next week or the following week.  The covid vaccine is expected to require cold temperature, and for that portable refrigeration will be a must.  Oxford vaccine requires fridge temperature, while other vaccines like Pfizer need to be kept at much lower temperatures. Russia's Sputnik V requires a temperature between 2 to 8 degrees. The Indian Embassy in Brussels is facilitating the entire process, with 2 virtual meets between the mission and the company taking place already.  The November virtual summit page was the first stand-alone Summit meeting between India and Luxembourg in the past two decades. 

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Our study yielded new insights into the fundamental mechanisms governing hydrocarbon transport within shale nanopores," said Hongwu Xu, an author from Los Alamos National Laboratory's Earth and Environmental Sciences Division. "The results will ultimately help develop better pressure management strategies for enhancing unconventional hydrocarbon recovery." Most of U.S. natural gas is hidden deep within shale reservoirs. Low shale porosity and permeability make recovering natural gas in tight reservoirs challenging, especially in the late stage of well life. The pores are miniscule -- typically less than five nanometers -- and poorly understood. Understanding the hydrocarbon retention mechanisms deep underground is critical to increase methane recovering efficiency. Pressure management is a cheap and effective tool available to control production efficiency that can be readily adjusted during well operation -- but the study's multi-institution research team discovered a trade-off. This team, including the lead author, Chelsea Neil, also of Los Alamos, integrated molecular dynamics simulations with novel in situ high-pressure small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) to examine methane behavior in Marcellus shale in the Appalachian basin, the nation's largest natural gas field, to better understand gas transport and recovery as pressure is modified to extract the gas. The investigation focused on interactions between methane and the organic content (kerogen) in rock that stores a majority of hydrocarbons. The study's findings indicate that while high pressures are beneficial for methane recovery from larger pores, dense gas is trapped in smaller, common shale nanopores due to kerogen deformation. For the first time, they present experimental evidence that this deformation exists and proposed a methane-releasing pressure range that significantly impacts methane recovery.